Addiction Helpline and Resource Center

Tranquilizer Addiction Help

Tranquilizer Addiction HelpTranquilizers are a generalized category of medications used for many purposes such as reducing anxiety, inducing sleep, and relaxing muscles. These medications, also called sedatives, depress the central nervous system (CNS) and produce a wide variety of effects. Many people abuse tranquilizers to achieve strong effects, which may quickly lead to problems like dependence, tolerance, and addiction. While tranquilizer addiction can be difficult to overcome, there are many treatment options available.

Types of Tranquilizers

The term tranquilizer refers to a large number of drugs, often broken down under the categories of “major” and “minor” tranquilizers. Major tranquilizers are those that are considered anti-psychotics, such as Thorazine, Haldol, and Clozaril. These drugs have calming effects that reduce the symptoms of certain disorders, such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Major tranquilizers have a much lower rate of abuse than do minor tranquilizers.

Minor tranquilizers are much more common and easy to acquire. This group of tranquilizers refers to anti-anxiety agents, also called anxiolytics. Benzodiazepines are some of the most commonly abused minor tranquilizers, which are only prescribed for short-term treatment. Abuse of benzodiazepines creates a high risk for the development of dependence and addiction. Some antidepressants and antihistamines are also considered minor tranquilizers, though these drug categories have a much lower risk for abuse.

Tranquilizer Dependence, Tolerance, and Addiction

Dependence, tolerance, and addiction are all very serious problems that develop from the long term or high dose use of certain drugs. Many tranquilizers are highly addictive and should be taken cautiously to prevent such problems. Tranquilizer dependence occurs due to a physical change in the brain’s chemicals, causing the user to develop a need for the drug. With dependence, the tranquilizer abuser often cannot achieve relaxation or sleep without using the drug.

Tolerance is a different problem that occurs with tranquilizers resulting in the drug abuser’s need to take increased doses of the drug to achieve the same desired effects. When taken properly as prescribed, tolerance often does not occur. However, abusing tranquilizers creates a much higher risk of tolerance development.

When a person becomes physically addicted to tranquilizers, certain symptoms may develop. Tranquilizer addiction is characterized by cravings to use the drug and withdrawal symptoms when it is not being used. Withdrawal symptoms of tranquilizers can be highly dangerous, including seizures, insomnia, anxiety, tremors, and irritability.

Treatment for Tranquilizer Addiction

Because the withdrawal effects of tranquilizers are potentially dangerous, those looking to recover from addiction should seek the guidance of a healthcare professional. Initial tranquilizer withdrawal treatment may require medication therapy in a healthcare setting or medically-supervised detox in an inpatient facility.

While medical supervision is an important part of addiction treatment, therapy and support groups are perhaps the most essential parts of recovery. Therapy is important to help addicts uncover the root of the addiction, and work through the problems that led to drug abuse. Support groups are consistently shown to be beneficial in the recovery from addiction, as members can share their experiences with one another.

Get Help for Tranquilizer Addiction

If you or someone you know is addicted to tranquilizers, call our toll-free helpline today. Our admissions coordinators are available 24 hours a day to answer any questions you might have about tranquilizer addiction treatment.

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